Health is a state of well-being that includes physical, social and mental prospective. Some may say that it is the absence of disease but internationally accepted definition says it is state of well-being not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Safety is a term considered for absence of danger of physical harm to people, equipment, materials and structures etc. There can be different kind of harms i.e. slip, trip, fire, fall from height, electricity, moving plant & machinery etc.
Welfare means the provision of facilities for a comfortable workplace, these facilities are very basic necessities for the people at work i.e. eating, washing, seating and first aid etc.
Environmental protection is to take necessary action or measure for preventing the overall environment of the globe from any kind of harm. Areas of interest include air protection, land protection, water protection/conservation, sea life and plants etc.
Reasons For Managing or Promoting Health & Safety
Why maintain a good standard of health and safety in an organization? There are many reasons an organization must maintain a reasonable health & safety standard.
Moral Responsibility: There are always humans working in different organizations and if they are not protected against harms they will suffer injuries or disabilities even fatalities which should be avoided morally because these things cause lot of pain and suffering or workers and their relatives/dependents etc.
Social or Legal Responsibility: In many countries this is legal obligation for an organization to provide good health and safety standards otherwise regulatory authorities will penalize them or even stop them from doing the business. Also it is social responsibility or the organization to keep its workers safe and healthy for a healthy society.
Economic / Financial Responsibilities: Organizations must maintain good standards in health & safety in order to avoid economical or financial expenses, every accident causes a company an expense that can be in the form of production loss, hospitalization, loss of time, loss of property. insurance costs and also some indirect costs like negative company reputation and investigation time, legal fees, fines etc. It also costs to overall society in terms of social security expanses etc. There are many examples of incidents that caused huge monitory losses in addition to loss of lives i.e. Chernobyl, Piper Alpha, DW Horizon and Fukoshima.